The Feast of the Circumcision and What is, in Fact, in a Name

December 31st is a night of celebration around the world.  People gather together and celebrate the passing away of the old and the coming of the new.  They hope that they can learn from their mistakes of the past and improve themselves in the coming year.  And, of course, they do so while attending the Holy Eucharist that night.

Perhaps that last part was not accurate, but it really should be.  What the world refers to as New Year’s Day the Church calls the Feast of the Holy Name of Jesus and that feast is a big one.  The Feast of the Holy Name of Jesus is a Dominical Feast, or a Feast of the Lord.  It commemorates the event depicted in the second chapter of St. Luke’s Gospel.  The Evangelist tells us, “And when eight days were completed for the circumcision of the Child, His name was called JESUS, the name given by the angel before He was conceived in the womb.” (v. 21)  Now why in the world would the Church choose to celebrate a momentous occasion like Our Lord’s circumcision on a day when everyone else is either partying or taking a nation-wide hangover day?  That is simple.

In the seventeenth chapter of the Book Genesis, the Lord God forms an eternal covenant with Abram (not Abraham—not yet—that is important).  That covenant has a sign that goes along with it.  In the case of this covenant, the Lord declares,

“As for you, you shall keep My covenant, you and your descendants after you throughout their generations.  This is My covenant which you shall keep, between Me and you and your descendants after you: Every male child among you shall be circumcised;  and you shall be circumcised in the flesh of your foreskins, and it shall be a sign of the covenant between Me and you.  He who is eight days old among you shall be circumcised, every male child in your generations, he who is born in your house or bought with money from any foreigner who is not your descendant.  He who is born in your house and he who is bought with your money must be circumcised, and My covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant.  And the uncircumcised male child, who is not circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin, that person shall be cut off from his people; he has broken My covenant.” (vv. 9-14)

In the twelfth chapter of Leviticus, the Lord reaffirmed this instruction to Moses, mandating that every male child be circumcised on the eighth day. (12:3)  This was also the day on which children were named.  Infant mortality rates were very high in the Ancient Near East and it was common for parents to withhold naming a child until they were more comfortable that a child would survive.  Providentially, newborns begin producing Vitamin K around eight days after birth.  As such, the eighth day is the earliest time on which a circumcision would be successful since Vitamin K is required for clotting.  (Nowadays they give newborns a shot of Vitamin K right away, just in case.)

So, eight days after Christmas, what we commemorate on January 1, is more than just an ancient barbarous ritual of genital mutilation, as some have called it.  The Feast of the Holy Name of Jesus or, for the less squeamish, the Feast of the Circumcision of Jesus Christ is a feast with a two-fold purpose.  In the feast we recollect our ancient heritage and we celebrate that God has a plan for each and every one of us.

There is little in this world that is more inherently Jewish than circumcision.  There are some scholars who believe that the Jewish ritual of circumcision, along with the Kosher dietary laws, kept the Hebrews as a distinct people group during the Babylonian Captivity.  While other exiles inter-married and lost their cultural identity, the Jews were still a cohesive people group more than a full generation after their captivity began.  When someone asked “why do we do this?” the Jews would reply beginning with the covenant with Abram and continuing through Isaac and Jacob, through the captivity in Egypt, the Exodus and down to Moses.  It was a distinctive cultural identifier that gave them an identity amidst thousands of exiles who were rapidly losing theirs.  In his Epistle to the Galatians, St. Paul tells us that circumcision is no longer necessary for the Gentiles, yet some parents still perform this ritual today.  They do so, not to bind themselves under the Law of Moses, but rather to show their acknowledgement that the Christians are heirs to Abraham and Moses by faith, if not by flesh.  It is a sign of our cultural heritage because Our Lord and King was a Jew and He has called us all sons and daughters.

The other vital aspect of the feast has to do with the name Jesus.  Shakespeare’s Juliet once quipped, “What’s in a name?  That which we call a rose by any other name would smell as sweet.” (Act II, Scene ii)  Such an argument may work with a teenager in love, but, Biblically speaking, it is patently false.  Biblically speaking, a name defined a child.  It gave them definite characteristics.  A name defined who someone would be and, every now and then, the Lord would change someone’s name.  These were momentous events.  There is a big difference between Abram and Abraham.  There is a huge difference between Jacob and Israel.  There was a truly remarkable difference between a Galilean fisherman name Simon and the Apostle named Peter.  Names meant and continue to mean something.  We chose the names of our children very carefully.  They are not all Biblical names, but they are all prophetic names.  So it was with Jesus.  The name “Jesus” was surprisingly common in first century Judea.  It was a Greek form of the ancient Hebrew name Joshua.  Two thousand years ago, the Hebrew name Joshua was more properly pronounced along the lines of Yehoshua, which means “The Lord Saves.”  Jesus was also referred to as Emmanuel, meaning “The Lord with Us.”  These two names, taken either on their own or together, describe exactly who Jesus is and was.  Jesus is and was the Lord with us and he did and continues to save us to this day.  His name was perfect, just as everything about Him was perfect.  The Lord God Almighty, from before time, had a plan and Jesus, as known by that name, was a part of it.

The Feast of the Holy Name of Jesus is an important day in the life of the Church.  Much like the world sees it, the Church should take it as an opportunity to re-evaluate itself.  Every member ought to look at who they are and who they have been called to be.  I know that I have not fully lived up to my name or what God has called me to do.  I wager most people would say the same.  The Church is called to be different than the world.  We are the “strangers in a land not our own” which were prophesied to Abram.  (Genesis 15:13)  We are called to be different than those around us.  Maybe instead of wearing paper hats and watching crystal balls drop, we should be in Church, receiving the Most Precious Body and Blood of Our Lord Jesus Christ and hearing about the name which He received, the Name which is above all names, and how He lived up to that Name.  Maybe we should be considering our own names, what God calls us, and how we might better live up to what we have been called.

Eternal Father, who gave to your incarnate Son the holy name of Jesus to be the sign of our salvation: Plant in every heart, we pray, the love of him who is the Savior of the world, our Lord Jesus Christ; who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, in glory everlasting. Amen.



1 Comment

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One response to “The Feast of the Circumcision and What is, in Fact, in a Name

  1. One day, I would like to hear a sermon that connects this feast to “the circumcision of Messiah that Paul refers to in Colossians 2:11. Judaism explains that when Messiah comes, God will circumcise our hearts by removing the evil inclination. In the scriptures, a circumcised heart is idiomatic for having a repentant heart, suppliant to the will of God. For example, in Deuteronomy 10:16, Moses commanded the people, “Circumcise your heart, and stiffen your neck no longer.” The prophet Jeremiah tells Israel to repent from evil deeds, saying, “Circumcise yourselves to the LORD and remove the foreskins of your heart.” (Jeremiah 4:4) During the days before the high holidays, the season of repentance, we should beseech God to circumcise our hearts, removing our stubbornness and inspiring us to repent.

    “Moreover the LORD your God will circumcise your heart and the heart of your descendants, to love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul, so that you may live.” (Deuteronomy 30:6)

    As Moses describes the final redemption to come, he tells Israel that God will circumcise their hearts. The metaphoric circumcision of the heart will enable them to completely fulfill the commandment of loving God and will grant them life—even eternal life. The Apostle Paul contrasts a circumcised proselyte to Judaism who does not keep the commandments against an uncircumcised believer who does keep the commandments:

    “So if the uncircumcised man keeps the requirements of the Torah, will not his uncircumcision be regarded as circumcision? …For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly, nor is circumcision that which is outward in the flesh. But he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is that which is of the heart, by the Spirit, not by the letter; and his praise is not from men, but from God.” (Romans 2:26, 28–29)

    A prophecy from the book of Ezekiel echoes the sentiment in Deuteronomy 30:1–6 as the prophet describes how God will gather Israel together from the nations, purify them, circumcise their hearts and enable them to keep the Torah:

    “For I will take you from the nations, gather you from all the lands and bring you into your own land …I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; and I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you will be careful to observe My ordinances. You will live in the land that I gave to your forefathers.” (Ezekiel 36:24–28)

    The result of this circumcision of heart is obedience to God. Moses says that when God finally circumcises the heart of His people, they will “again obey the LORD, and observe all His commandments.” (Deuteronomy 30:8) In other words, God is going to enable us to keep His Torah. He is going to set us free from sin and cause us to walk in righteousness. Keeping Torah is one of the promises of the Messianic age to come.

    Paul explains that we who have become partakers of Messiah have already begun to enter the New Covenant and the circumcision of the heart. He calls it the “circumcision of Messiah” when he says, “in Him you were also circumcised with a circumcision made without hands, in the removal of the body of the flesh by the circumcision of Messiah.” (Colossians 2:11)

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